We need your support to protect Ulu Muda Forest before it is too late! Help us to continue our conservation initiatives to research and advocate for Ulu Muda Forest to be properly managed, protected and conserved.

Ulu Muda Forest is one of the last remaining contiguous tracts of forest that we have in Peninsular Malaysia today. It is located in the north-eastern corner of Kedah and contributes approximately half of the forest cover of Kedah. Three man-made lakes can also be found here which are Muda Lake, Pedu Lake and Ahning Lake.

Rich in biodiversity

Dusky leaf monkey

Home to  7/10 species of primates found in Peninsular Malaysia, namely the white-handed gibbon, agile gibbon, dusky leaf monkey, banded leaf monkey, long-tailed macaque,pig-tailed macaque and slow loris.

Asian elephant

Home to large mammals such as the Asian elephant, gaur, Malayan tapir, and Malayan tiger, all of which are endangered / vulnerable species listed in the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species and are Totally Protected under Malaysia’s Wildlife Conservation Act 2010.

Rhinocerous Hornbill

Recognised as an Important Bird Area by Birdlife International.

Home to the globally-threatened plain-pouched hornbill.

Water catchment area

This magnificent forest provides 96% and 80% of all water to Kedah and Penang respectively. At full capacity, the reservoirs at Ulu Muda can hold a total volume of about 1.5 billion cubic metres of water at any one time which is equivalent to 593,600 Olympic size pools.


Sira Air Hangat

A saltlick is akin to a ‘health-spa’ and a ‘pharmacy’ for herbivores, which require the essential minerals from saltlicks for their well-being. Sira Air Hangat is the most interesting and frequently visited saltlick in Ulu Muda due to the rare combination of an active hot spring and saltlick.

Unsustainable logging

What are the impacts to people?

Disrupts the forest’s ability to absorb and retain water which increases frequency and severity of floods and droughts.


Affects the livelihood of 340,000 people or 55,130 farmer families who are dependent on water from Ulu Muda.


What did WWF-Malaysia’s survey teams detect?

Illegal hunting, including abandoned campsites, bullet shells, a cage and porcupine quills in the Ulu Muda Forest.


What is the impact of poaching?

Decrease in population of large mammals such as Malayan tiger, Asian elephant, gaur, sambar deer and Malayan tapir.

Please help us save Ulu Muda forest!  These are some of the ways on how your generous contribution will help our forest conservation team:-

  • Conduct assessment of the biodiversity of Ulu Muda Forest using camera traps
  • Advocate for gazettement of Ulu Muda Forest as protected area

Current status: production forest reserve that allows selective logging in certain areas.

  • Raise awareness

Organise public exhibitions, seminars and dialogues with various stakeholders and the general public.

  • Develop a PES (Payment for Ecosystem Services) scheme

This is to ensure that it is safeguarded for conservation of biodiversity, whilst benefiting the nation as a whole.

  • Conduct a cost-benefit analysis study (CBA)

Focus on the provision of water from the Ulu Muda Forest to create an economic case for the protection of Ulu Muda

  • Conduct hydrological studies

This is to understand the effects of land-use changes to the quality and quantity of water in Ulu Muda.