Humanity’s annual demand on the natural world has exceeded what the Earth can renew in a year since the 1970s. This “ecological overshoot” has continued to grow over the years, and it now takes 1.5 years for the Earth to regenerate the renewable resources that people use, and absorb the CO2 waste they produce, in that same year.

Malaysia has had an impressive track record of sustained economic growth, substantial poverty reduction, and progress in human development over the last few decades. However, progress has had a detrimental impact on both habitat and species.